Select from the menu below to find the category of question you would like to view.
General FAQs - If you want general information about what the can and cannots are about being a minister, this will fill the bill. More the legalities than the specifics.
Ministry FAQs - This is a general list of question about conducting a ministry. It's less about the legalities and more about the nuts and bolts of having a ministry.
Seminary FAQs - This section has frequently asked questions about our seminary, how it works and what you can expect.
Gnostic FAQs - Gnosticism is an interesting religion. This section has FAQs about it and we also offer a course on this interesting religion.
Wedding FAQs - Along with our wedding training section, we also have this section on wedding FAQs so you can have a few more questions answered about how to do a wedding.
Humanist FAQs - Humanists are people who don't believe in God, but still believe in being human. Here are some answers to your questions. Feel free to send more info. if you have it.
Wiccan/Pagan FAQs - We have a wonderful course on both Wicca and Paganism, but this section will give you some basic answers to determine your interest and whet your appetite.
Druid FAQs - The Druids are fascinating. We have a wonderful courses on Druidism and this course will answer some basic questions about Druidism and get you excited to learn more.
Pantheist FAQs - Many people have not even heard of Pantheism, so these questions will help you learn about this interesting belief system.
Methodist FAQs - This is a more 'mainstream' religion, but there are differences between this denomination of Christianity and others. This explains it.
Buddhist FAQs - We have a wonderful course on Buddhism, as well as these questions to help you get a glimpse of what Buddhism is all about.
Dianic FAQs - These questions deal with a specific area of Wicca, known as Dianic. There are many areas of Wicca, so these questions wil clarify things.
Baptist FAQs - The Baptists are another denomination of Christianity with the core beliefs of Christians, but with their own distinctions that make Baptists unusual.. This will clarify some of the differences.
Mormon FAQs - The Mormon religion is something that holds fascination for a lot of people, like 'do Mormons drink coffee?', among others. Many questions are answered here about this unusual variation on Christianity.
Version 3 August 1995
Compiled by both CATHBAD,
1995 and www.paganpaths.org
1) What is a druid?
Today Druids are Neo-Druids. The original Druids were killed or
forced to convert or leave their homes a long time ago. Druids were
the learned class of the Celts. They were the teachers, bards, lawyers,
judges , doctors, etc.... Today Druids are or at least for my group
are Celtic Reconstructionalists. We try to recreate the ways of
the ancient druids and believe in their way of life as we know it.
Since there was no written documents of the history or lives of
the Celts other than what their oppressors wrote. We study their
mythology, culture as well as archaeology and paleontology pertaining
to them, and strive to piece the puzzle together.
2) Why is Druidism in the 20th century?
Why not? :) Actually, there are a number of good reasons for modern
people to consider Druidism. Some see it as a way to reconnect,
or "ground" themselves in history, or to improve their
relationship with their ancestors (if they are of Celtic descent).
Some are attracted by the relationship with the natural world that
a Druid cultivates, or by the artistic, creative methods used to
build that relationship. There are those who choose Druidism over
other forms of neo-paganism. Perhaps a reason for that is because
Druidism is not only a branch of neo-paganism, but also the subject
of academic study. Druidism is often of interest to archaeologists,
historians, and mythographers who don't necessarily consider themselves
Druids, or even remotely pagan. Thus, there is a wealth of serious
academic material available concerning the Druids, and many discover
Druidism through it. Finally, there are those who choose Druidism
over more conventional religions that are more accepted and widespread,
such as Christianity. Christianity belongs to a middle-eastern language,
culture, and mythology-set; Druidism belongs to the Indo-European
set from which we in the West inherit virtually all our other cultural
practices, including our languages. An exploration of Druidism is
for many people a resurgence of Western Europe's indigenous spirituality.
Many seek Asatru to revive Northern Europe's spirituality for much
of the same reason. If mainstream religions cannot provide answers
to those "deep", spiritual, and philosophical questions,
Druidism or another form of neo-paganism often provides them.
3) Who were the Druids?
I suppose the main thing that can be said about the Druids is that
they were members of a professional class in their culture, the
Celtic Nations of Western Europe and the British Isles. (The Druids
were not an ethnic group; their culture, the Celtic culture, was.)
They filled the roles of judge, doctor, diviner, mage, mystic, and
clerical scholar. Many Druids were women; the Celtic woman enjoyed
more freedom and rights than women in any other contemporary culture,
including the rights to enter battle, and divorce her husband. Though
through history we have lost much information about them, though
this will be discussed later.
4) What are the Celtic nations?
Alba (Scotland), Breizh (Brittany), Cymru (Wales), Eire (Ireland),
Kernow (Cornwall), and Mannin (Man).
5) What are the sources by which we can know
The main sources we have on what they did are Roman historians,
who wrote on them as they were in the process of conquering Gaul
(what is now France; a variant of Gaelic is still spoken in Brittany)
so there is that political problem, and they equated Celtic deities
with Roman ones as well. The main authors are Julius Caesar, Pliny,
Tacitus, Strabo, and Diodorus Siculus. One Roman author, Diogenes,
placed the Druids on a list of the ancient world's wisest philosophers
-- a list that included the Magi of Persia and the Brahmin of India.
But in my point of view, the best sources are the mythologies. There
we can read of what the Druids did, how they behaved, what some
of them said, and though the medieval manuscripts that preserved
them were written by Christian monks, much wisdom yet remains there.
In Ireland the chief myth cycles are the Ulster Cycle, the Fionn
Cycle, and the Invasion Races. In Wales, the major myths are contained
in a book called The Mabinogion. In this century, a number of folklore
collections were made of remaining oral-tradition stories.
If you were to expand your search to include historical and archeological
records, you might have more luck, and may arouse less suspicion
if your area is not very pagan friendly. In fact what you will be
doing is precisely what the Druids did, for they had to study so
many academic, legal, and spiritual subjects they became walking
encyclopedias. The problem is that the Druids were the subject of
a number of persecutions and conquests, not only by the Romans,
but also by later Christians. Some Druidic wisdom was censored,
evolved into something unrecognizable, or just plain lost. A modern
person seeking the Druid's path must attempt to reconstruct the
wisdom based on the sources discussed above. The Romans never invaded
Ireland, so that country became a haven for Druidic learning for
a while. After St. Patrick and St. Columcille, Ireland evolved a
unique and beautiful blend of Christianity and Druidism, called
Culdee Christianity, headquartered on the Isle of Iona, which was
later to be eradicated by the invading English. Catholicism eventually
became a point of national identity in Ireland (and without it they
may never have become independent).
6) Did the Druids practice human sacrifice?
The Romans recorded that they sacrificed humans, specifically condemned
criminals. Judicial executions were no different elsewhere in Europe,
including Saxony. The Romans wrote that such victims were tied into
huge wicker man-shaped effigies and burned alive. The archeological
record does reveal a number of sacrificial deaths, such as "triple-deaths"
where the victim was drowned, stoned, and impaled on a spear simultaneously.
Some mythologies describe one person's life being sacrificed so
that a terminally ill VIP would survive, thus indicating a belief
in a cosmic balance of forces.
However, there is some debate over this; it may have been anti-Druid
propaganda. Julius Caesar had good reason to make the Druids look
bad, because, after all, he was trying to conquer them. It would
fuel interest in his campaign back home if he could prove that the
Celts engaged in such barbaric practices. Yet the Romans would kill
people in gladiatorial games, for the entertainment of the people.
The Druids, if they did sacrifice people, could claim religious
sanction. The archeological record is ambiguous if such sacrifice
was judicial or ceremonial, or even if it occurred at all.
Rest assured that modern Druids do not sacrifice anything at all.
7) Why haven’t you called them "priests" yet?
The best word for them would seem to be "priests", yet
I am reluctant to use it for two reasons: The Romans never used
it, and because Druids didn't preach to congregations as priests
do. Rather, they had a clientele, like a mystic or a shaman would
have. Caesar and his historians never referred to them as priests,
but perhaps they could not recognize them as such; the Roman priesthood,
officiating over an essentially political religion, was primarily
teachers and judges, with less emphasis on being seers or diviners.
8) What are the Druidic Holy days?
There was a series of fire-festivals, occurring at 12-week intervals,
and spaced between the seasonal festivals of solstices and equinox
(thus, a festival every six weeks.) These fire-festivals, Samhain
(Nov. 1) Feast of the Dead, and beginning of the New Year, would
last three days, beginning at sunset on the first day, and would
be the best time for sacrifices and divinations. Death came before
Life in the Druidic cycle, because before new growth can occur,
there must be room for it. On this day the boundary between this
world and the Otherworld is thinnest, and so it is a time to remember
all those who died during the year.
Imbolc (Feb 1) The Return of Light - The ewes begin lactating around
this time of year, and it is a sign that winter is coming to an
end. Perhaps divinations were cast to determine when spring would
come (from this practice we might have got Groundhog Day.)
Beltane (May 1) The Fires of Bel - spring has arrived, and the people
give thanks. This was a day of fertility and life, often the choice
day for marriages.
Lughnasad (Aug 1) The Feast of Lugh - The essential harvest festival,
to give thanks to the Earth for Her bounty. The name is a reference
to the Irish god Lugh of the Long Hand, son of the Sun.
I have heard that Australians who practice these festivals do it
in reverse order, because these dates are for northern-hemisphere
seasons. It would make sense for them to celebrate Beltane on Nov.1,
In Wales, there was an annual festival called the Eisteddfod, which
was a bardic musical and poetry competition. It still exists, alternating
between North and South Wales.
Great bonfires were built on hilltops and kept burning throughout
the whole of the fire festivals. By day, there would be carnival-like
celebrations, and by night, serious rituals. Cattle were driven
between bonfires to purify them, and couples would run and leap
over the flames, often completely naked, also for purification (and
it was fun!) Some sites were centers for the "perpetual chant",
where Druids in rotation would chant incantations without stop;
during festivals the entire community would join the chant.
Astronomical celebrations (the solstices and equinox) have only
passing reference in the source literature (i.e. the myths, Caesar,
etc.), but astronomical lines are found everywhere in the archaeology.
There are hundreds of stone circles, round barrows, menhirs, etc.
with solar, lunar, and/or stellar alignments. Perhaps the most impressive
is New Grange, Ireland, where direct sunlight penetrates the inner
chamber only on Midsummer morning.
9) What did the ancient Druids believe?
The poetic tradition in Druidism comes from the method the Celts
used to trace their lineage and history. Written records were distrusted
for the most part, and though a runic writing system called Ogham
did exist, it wasn't used for much beyond burial markers and landmarks.
To write things down is to weaken the power of eidetic memory, which
the Druids cultivated carefully, and to dishonor the thing written
down. Druids in training had to learn all the Bardic poetry; in
a manner we would call sensory deprivation. Poetic inspiration was
an important spiritual practice, which the Welsh have focused on
in their eisteddfod. In Irish myth there was a deity of poetry (Brigit).
The Druids taught reincarnation, and the omnipresence of a spiritual
Otherworld, that is sometimes accessible to us, and particularly
close at certain times of the year, like at Samhain. Oak was the
most important symbol in druidic lore, as it is strong, tall, and
very long-lived. Mistletoe was said to have healing qualities. Other
important trees were the Yew, for its offspring grew from the dead
stump of its parent, representing perpetually regenerating life.
The Ogham alphabet was a list of tree-names. Trees are important
because they are bridges between the realms of Land and Sky; they
communicate Water between these realms. When the Realms of Land,
Sea and Sky meet, as within a tree or at a seashore for example,
great power could manifest, and such places were best for poetic
composition or spell-casting. Stones could channel, store, and direct
earth-energy, and thus were used for markers, set in circles, and
libations were poured over them in sacrifice.
Fire-worship is strong as well, but doesn't fit the Greek four-element
picture. Fire is a thing unto itself, with the dual qualities of
destructiveness and cleansing power. It is a spiritual principle,
because it is always reaching up to the sky. This may be why they
built those hilltop fires. Poetic inspiration is said to be a fire
in the head, so Brigid is a fire-deity as well.
Druidic philosophy points to knowledge as the key to self-awareness,
else certain mythological holy-places of greatest import would not
be associated with wisdom, ex. The Well of Wisdom (auspiciously
located at the center of the world), the Spiral of Annwyn, the Cauldron
of Cerridwen, and the 4 Wise Men of the 4 Cities in the North. Mythic
places are inaccessible but also not inaccessible, for it requires
a leap of faith to find them; the Well of Wisdom is at the bottom
of the ocean, but to Sea Gods like Manannan, the ocean is as the
The Druidic pursuit of knowledge would seem to suggest that ethical
action is action that brings you closer to Wisdom. I would not seek
to define wisdom at this point in the manner that the Celts may
have known it, yet here the correlation between druidic wisdom and
Eastern mysticism is striking; one considers the Buddhist Eightfold
Path as a prescription of right actions designed to bring one closer
to Nirvana. Wisdom becomes a kind of knowledge above ordinary knowledge
(like facts), a form of total-awareness, or even a state of mind.
Archeological evidence of "beehive" huts, secluded mountain
shelters, etc. suggest the Druids used them to achieve higher states
of consciousness in pursuit of this mythic wisdom. It is said that
the pillars of the awen, /|\ stand for truth, knowledge, and justice;
the triskele (which looks something like a spiral with three arms)
also demonstrates the number three as spiritually significant, and
may stand for any triad though usually understood to stand for the
realms of Earth, Sea, and Sky.
The warrior-hero Oisin gives us this in a mythic way, a statement
I shall arbitrarily name Oisin's Answer because it is how he answered
St. Patrick's question of what kept the Fianna (a band of outlaw-warriors)
"It is what sustained us though our days, the truth that was
in our hearts, and strength in our arms, and fulfillment in our
10) Earth, air, fire, water; Isn’t that Celtic?
Yes and no. The Druidic elemental cosmology may have had eight or
nine individual elements, of environmental rather than physical
nature (such as clouds, stars, oceans, etc.) The Four Elements is
the invention of Pythagoras, (father of western occult numerology,
among other things) and exploring Greeks and Romans may have identified
his thought with the Celtic metaphysics they encountered. It is
known, however, that Pythagoras was aware of Druidic thought, and
may have traveled to the Celtic nations. The number Three was usually
more significant than others.
11) What gods did the Druids worship?
This depends on the nation you look at. Ireland had different gods
than Wales, who had further different gods than Gaul. Another point
to consider is not only were gods known by different names, but
also many of the names were deemed too holy to pronounce aloud.
(Thus the common oath: "I swear by the god my tribe swears
by".) Here is a brief, by no means authoritative, list of deities.
The Tuatha de Danann (Tribe of the Goddess Danu) was the name of
the Irish pantheon, for the Sidhe (faeries) were descended from
Her. Ironically, Danu herself never makes a personal appearance
in the myths, but perhaps she is already everywhere, like the land.
Certainly, some European rivers are named after her like the Danube
and Dneiper. Some names you may recognize:
• Lugh Lamh-fada (Long Handed), Son of the Sun. • Dagda the Good (good not by his moral disposition but by the • Diversity of his skills) • Nuada Argat-lamh (Silver Hand) a two-time king of the Dannans. • Morrigu, Babd, and Macha (a triple goddess of War.) • Brigid (a triple goddess of Fire, Poetry, and the Forge) • Diancecht, god of healing • Manannan mac Lir, god of the sea and master of magic
Welsh mythology tends to focus on the actions of heroes, and their
interaction with gods. The primary source is the Mabinogion, a compendium
of legends from Wales' mythic time.
• Arawn, lord of the Annwyn (the underworld) • Math ap Mathonwy, the quintessential wizard • Pwyll, lord of Davyd • Rhiannon, (wife of Pwyll) Goddess associated with horses and the
Underworld. • Cerridwen, (the hag) mother of the poet Taliesson • Lyr, god of the sea • Manawyddan
Gaulish deities are the focus of Caesar's records. He drew analogies
between his own Roman gods and those he discovered in Gaul.
• Herne the Hunter • Taranus, Teutates • Esus, Hu'Hesu, the Dying God • Cernunnos, Master of the Wild Hunt, or the Animal Lord/Green Man • Epona, The Horse Goddess
Not all modern Druids worship the gods by name. There is some evidence
that the Druids of old believed in a kind of universal Life Force,
flowing from a central place (such as the Irish Well of Wisdom or
the Welsh Spiral of Annwyn), to and from all living things. Perhaps
the best modern description is Obi-Wan's description of the "Force",
from the famous Star Wars films. :)
12) What is the difference between Wicca and
The present form of Wicca is less than a century old, though it
follows a tradition of wisdom that is as old as Druidism, if not
more. Wicca emphasizes the Earth, and the Earth Mother; Druidism
has equal emphasis on the Earth, Sea, and Sky. (Otherwise known
as the Three Realms.) Wicca has two deities, The Goddess (in her
triple maiden-mother-crone aspects) and The Horned God. Druidism
has many gods, who are not aligned in polarity but exist independently.
Druidic triple goddesses are not linked by matrilineal line (like
maiden-mother-crones) but by generation, as sisters: Morrigu/Macha/Babd
(war & battle goddesses),
Banba/Fodla/Erin (land & earth goddesses) for example. The Wiccan
Rede does not bind druids; perhaps the closes thing to an ethical
statement is Ossian's. This is not to say that versions of Celtic
Wicca are inherently non-valid. Wicca occasionally borrows Celtic
deities and themes for its work, and no Celt I know has any problem
with that. It is to say, however, that historically and academically,
Celtic Wicca did not exist.
13) Were the druids SHAMEN?
This is an extremely hot topic of debate, mostly because Celtic
matters and Shamanistic matters are very popular right now, and
many new-age authors and practitioners have sought a synthesis of
the two. It is this author's opinion that a more meaningful question
is whether or not Druids were *similar* to shaman (and the answer
to that is probably yes) because the Druids did evolve from an Indo-European
culture that had shamanism. But to answer the original question,
I here defer to someone who knows more about it than I do. From:
[quoted with permission]
The Celts had some very specific words for their religious functionaries
and their visionaries. "Shaman" was not one of those words.
Is there something wrong with the terms that our ancestors used,
so that we must go off and find new words with which to label our
seers and priests and poets?
Druids are firmly a part of the noble social order and ruling class,
rather than being at the fringes of society. Poets more often lived
at the fringes, as shamans do. Druids could and did bar people from
participation in community sacrifices and rites. I don't believe
that this was a part of shamanism practice.
Formal training for many years in schools of druids or poets does
not seem to be a part of the shamanic framework, although I could
be wrong about this. Shamanism usually is taught either under a
single master with one or a very few students, or by the spirits
themselves. Druids and poets are described as gathering in considerable
numbers in "colleges" for the purpose of instruction in
many subjects, particularly in the cities of Gaul. The Romans, who
sometimes sent their young sons to be trained in oratory by Gaulish
druids, considered druids and fili very well-trained formal speakers.
The Greeks and Romans thought of the druids as being Pythagorean
natural philosophers, with a firm and delicate grasp of mathematics.
I do not believe that the Altaic shamans are known for their command
of mathematics, nor do I believe that they have an understanding
of the metonic cycle of the sun and moon. The Gaulish druids had
a very complex calendar, which is preserved in the Coligny fragments.
I have never seen any reference to shamans having calendars of this
complexity. I could simply be missing something here.
Many Celtic "otherworld journey" tales are about people
who have gone there unwillingly and without any control over the
experience. The shaman is a master of control, and always decides
when and where sh/e will or will not go into the otherworlds. Shamans
can't be stolen away against their own will.
Shamanism as generally understood does not include possession by
spirits. The description of the Welsh awenyddon by Geraldus Cambriensis
says that these people acted "as if possessed," and had
to be beaten or slapped severely to get them to come back to themselves
after giving oracles. Once again, the shaman has complete control
even in the deepest of trance states.
Celtic societies were literate societies. Although the druids were
said not to write down important things, they were able and willing
to keep other records in writing, using Greek for many purposes.
Patrick was said to have burned "hundreds of druidic books"
during his conversion of Ireland. Druids and poets are described
as writing down tales and poems on staves. None of the shamanic
societies that I know of were literate. Many still do not have written
languages. This is not to say that all pre-literate societies are
therefore shamanic societies.
In shamanism, there is a common theme of ascending to the upper
worlds or sky realms, while I know of no extant Celtic tales about
anyone ascending into the upper worlds to confront Gods or spirits.
Yes, Gods arrive from there, but what humans go there? "Spirit
flight" through the middle realms to spy on one's enemies or
flit through the tops of trees in the forest isn't quite the same
I know of only one tale that could be taken as a tale of a shamanic
crisis and illness (the Sickbed of Cu/ Chulainn), but Cu/ sends
his charioteer into the Si/dhe realm to check it out for him before
he goes there himself. The shaman in crisis cures himself. Cu/ was
cured by the same fairy women who beat him in the first place.
While we have a number of shamanic elements appearing in Celtic
mythology, we don't usually have more than two or three themes appearing
in the same tale. It's my understanding that a majority of the themes
need to appear in the same person for them to be seen as a shaman.
This may be my own prejudice in the matter. And again, it is entirely
possible to have a spirit animal guardian, to have visions, and
to make voyages into otherworlds without being a shaman. It happens
in many tribal societies all the time. Sleeping in a cave, eating
berries and salmon and wearing fur doesn't make a person a bear
--- end quoted text ---
14) Was Stonehenge a Druidic temple?
Perhaps. The question of who build Stonehenge is one of academic
debate. The theory that most people find acceptable is that since
carbon-14 dating places the construction of Stonehenge before the
rise of Druidism, they did not build it, however that does not rule
out the probability that they knew how to use it. The solar and
stellar alignments Stonehenge embodies would not have been lost
on an intelligensia so well versed in astronomy.
15) What about Glas Tonbury?
Some folkloric traditions and mythographic examinations suggest
that Glastonbury Tor is the mythic Isle of Avalon. If, for example,
the nearby river were to flood, the Tor would be an island. A certain
thorn tree is said to be the descendant of the staff of Joseph of
Arimathea, which was changed into a thorn tree when he set it there
(the Thorn is sacred to faeries!), when he brought the Grail to
Britain. Avalon means "Isle of Apples", and apple orchards
do grow there. Some archaeologists believe that, if one accounts
for centuries of erosion, the sides of the Tor are terraced into
the shape of a Cretan Maze pattern. Whether or not the region is
Druidic, anyone who has meditated by the nearby Chalice Well knows
it is a holy place.
16) Are there any other Druidic sites?
There are hundreds of stone circles dotting Britain and Ireland.
The Hebrides of Scotland are famous for them. In Ireland, there
are many sacred wells dedicated to St. Bridget, am obvious borrowing
from the earlier goddess Brigid. There is Newgrange, a temple/tomb/center
for initiation rites in Ireland, thousands of years older than the
Pyramids, which is constructed to allow sunlight into the inner
chamber on Midsummer sunrise only. There is the Hill of Temhair
(Tara) which was the high seat of Irish kings, and the stone that
stands on it is thought to be the same one called Lia Fail, Stone
of Destiny, upon which the Ard Ri was inaugurated, and if worthy
the stone would cry out.
17) What is Arthurian Druidism?
The Arthurian legends are unique because they embody the delicate
transition period between Druidism and Christianity. Christianity
was well entrenched as the religion of the nobility, yet Druidism
remained in the form of folk-practices. Misty islands and otherworldly
hunting expeditions, which comprise much of Arthurian legend, clearly
originate from the older Celtic mythologies where such encounters
are signs of the presence of the Other-world. The Irish Druid Uath
Mac Immoman challenged a warrior to a mutual beheading in much the
same way The Green Knight (who can be seen as Cernunnos The Green
Man) challenged Sir Gawain. The Perilous Bridge that Lancelot has
to cross is similar to the bridge at Scatha's School for Heroes
that Cu/ Chullain must cross. And perhaps all those "wise hermits",
that the Knights are always running into, are Druids in hiding.
Merlin himself is now thought to have been a Druid, by some modern
historical fiction authors and other academic speculation, since
he too was an advisor to a king, a prophet, and a wilderness recluse.
To stretch it a bit, perhaps the Grail follows those magical cauldrons
like those possessed by Dagda, which could feed armies and raise
the dead, and by Cerridwen, which was a font of wisdom.
It is worth noting that the sword called Excalibur may have come
from legends surrounding a real sword. The Celts were Iron-workers,
ahead of most other contemporary cultures. Iron-age technology helped
the Celts defeat the Dannans (who were bronze-workers). Around Arthurian
times, it was discovered that nickel-iron from meteorites could
be used to create stainless steel, and swords layered with this
metal would never bend, scratch, break, nor rust. Weapons like that
would have been seen as magical, and develop names and reputations
independent of their owners.
18) Is it true that only men were druids? Can
women be druids?
No, both women and men were druids. Women were treated as equals
in the ancient Celtic society and were able to own and inherit land
etc.. There is archeological evidence to support this.
Women are still able to be druids today and anybody that says otherwise
should do more studying..
19) Is Druidry like Wicca?
No, I can't speak for all types of Wicca however of the Wiccan people
and types of Wicca I know of they are not even close to being the
Even the basic cosmology and ethics systems are different.
We do not believe in an ye harm none as that rarely if ever works
even if your intentions are good you may unintentionally harm another
without realizing it. For example say you do a spell or ritual to
bring your family food, it works and it's a good thing, however
it took food from another family.
The Celts had a complex set of ethics, which I will have to do a
different page on to explain it all.
The Celts only use 3 elements, land, sea and sky. Where Wiccan's
use four or five depending on the person or tradition, the four
being air, earth, water and fire along with spirit as the fifth
for some people.
Wicca is Duotheistic where as Druidry is Polytheistic.
Wiccan's use the sun as a symbol for the male god and moon as female.
Druidry has 3 planets, which correspond to the 3 triads.
There are 3 realms, Other-world, sky as it's element, where the
gods live and Sun as its planet the sun is female and the rays are
male. Middle world where we are and the sidhe, land as its element
and earth as its planet. Underworld, Sea as its element, where the
ancestors reside, Moon as its planet the moon is female and it's
There are many other differences but I think this section is already
long enough. You can find a link to an essay about the differences
between Druidry and Wicca on my links page.
20) What gods/goddess's do you believe in?
There are well over 300 deities in the Celtic pantheon depending
on the area and tribe.
The main ones my group uses are The Dagdha, Morrighan, Brighit,
and Lugh for the high days.
21) What are high days?
High days are the days that we celebrate with ritual, the turning
of the seasons and we celebrate different deities for different
times. For example we honor Lugh and his stepmother at Lughnassadh,
Brighit at Imbolc etc... Most groups have their own deities and
rituals for their group that they celebrate. Our grove only uses
the solstices where some groups use both solstices and equinoxes.
22) Do druids sacrifice people?
YIn ancient times they did, often sacrificed prisoners or volunteers.
A lot of cultures at that time performed human sacrifice. We don't
believe that this type of sacrifice is necessary. We hold all life
to be sacred, the only acceptable sacrifice in our group are plant
material (herbs etc..) foods, grains, oils, incense , gems, precious
23) Do you cast a circle?
No we don't cast a circle we consider all of nature to be sacred
and don't need to create sacred space. However we do often times
consecrate a space before ritual to clear out any negativity.
24) Do you use magic(k)?
Yes in ritual we only use magic to open a gateway with the assistance
of Mannan Mac Lir to allow the ancestors, sidhe and gods to join
us. We also do meditation during the ritual to raise energy and
to raise awareness to a different level. Most people within our
group use magic but in their personal lives rather than as part
of the grove.
25) Do you worship Satan?
No, We don't believe in Satan and therefore don't worship him nor
do we have an equivalent to Satan. I believe that the concept of
Satan was brought about through Zoastrianism then to Judaism and
then to Christianity.